criminalistics, forensic science, criminal proceeding, aviation accidents, forensic institutions, law enforcement agencies.


The article analyzes conceptual framework for specific expertise use while conducting forensic examinations related to aviation accidents. Foundations of such activities have been developed. In particular, it is stressed that effective implementation of criminal proceedings depends to a greater extent on the results of expert researches, especially if it is a complex process of aviation accident investigation. Similarly, the quality of expert researches depends on organization of research institutes activity regarding creation of effective methodologies for the analysis of different physical evidence obtained at the aviation accident scene. By using specific expertise, employees of forensic institutions independently or jointly with employees of other specialized institutions, law enforcement agencies, specialists-doctors can advance methods of expert research and, consequently, combat criminal offenses or ensure timely detection of the offender whereabouts.

The possibility of expanding the compulsory appointment of forensic examinations in aviation accident criminal proceedings is being considered. Factual and legal grounds for the appointment and conduct of a forensic examination in this case are outlined.

Scientifically substantiated recommendations on directions of counteraction to attacks on the aviation industry facilities are suggested, as well as the algorithm for developing innovations for the needs of law enforcement agencies is proposed.

It is emphasized that the use of forensic science possibilities within the framework of a criminal proceeding related to aviation accidents is quite influential, since it helps to perform a multidisciplinary professional analysis of evidence, facilitate organization of forensic experts’ work, protect the rights of citizens and contribute to fulfillment of justice tasks in general.


Accident Investigation Techniques - Best Practices. URL: [in English].

An UIA plane crashed in Iran, killing more than 170 people. URL:литак-мау-разбился-в-ірани-понад-170-загиблих/a-51925157 [in Ukrainian].

Batyrgareieva, V. S. & Babenko, A. M. (2020) Analiz suchasnoyi kryminohennoyi sytuatsiyi v Ukrayini yak informatsiyna model’ dlya rozrobky stratehiyi zmenshennya mozhlyvostey vchynennya zlochyniv (Eng. Analysis of the current criminogenic situation in Ukraine as an information model for developing a strategy to reduce the possibility of committing crimes). Arkhiv kryminolohiyi ta sudovyh nauk : nauk. zhurnal / Red. kol.: O. M. Kliuiev, V. S. Batyrhareyeva, H. O. Spitsyna ta in. Kharkiv : KHNDISE, 2020. No. 1. Р. 39-53 [in Ukrainian].

The Criminal Procedural Code of Ukraine (Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy (VVR). 2013, № 9-10, № 11-12, № 13, p. 88). URL: [in Ukrainian].

Ewa Ziętkiewicz, Magdalena Witt, Patrycja Daca, Jadwiga Żebracka-Gala, Mariusz Goniewicz, Barbara Jarząb, Michał Witt Current genetic methodologies in the identification of disaster victims and in forensic analysis. URL: [in English].

Here’s how airplane crash investigations work, according to an aviation safety expert. URL: [in English].

Investigation Methodology. URL: [in English].

Katastrofa litaka ZSU pid Kharkovom (Eng. Ukrainian Armed Forces plane crash near Kharkiv). URL: Kil’kist’ zhertv aviakatastrof u 2020 rotsi zrosla popry Covid-19. URL: [in Ukrainian].

Kil’kist’ zhertv aviakatastrof u 2020 rotsi zrosla popry Covid-19 (Eng. The number of victims of aviation accidents in 2020 has increased despite Covid-19.) URL: [in Ukrainian].

Kliuiev, O. M. (2019) Udoskonalennya ekspertnoho zabezpechennya pravosuddya:teoretychni, pravovi, ta orhanizatsiyni aspekty (Eng. Improving the forensic expert support of justice: theoretical, legal and organizational aspects). Teoriya i praktyka sudovoyi ekspertyzy ta kryminalistyky. Kharkiv : Pravo, 2019. Vyp. 19. S. 102-117 [in Ukrainian].

Kobrin, V. N. & Nechyporuk. N. V. & Kobrina. N. V. (2014) Bespylotnye avyatsyonnye kompleksy dlya reshenyya ékolohycheskykh zadach (Eng. Unmanned aerial systems for solving environmental tasks). Ekolohichna bezpeka. 2014. Vyp. 2. S. 43-50. URL: [in Russian].

Mykola Nechyporuk, Volodymyr Pavlikov, Nataliia Filipenko, Hanna Spitsyna, Ihor Shynkarenko (2020) Cyberterrorism Attacks on Critical Infrastructure and Aviation: Criminal and Legal Policy of Countering. Integrated Computer Technologies in Mechanical Engineering – 2020. Synergetic Engineering Р. 206-220. ISBN 978-3-030-66716-0 ISBN 978-3-030-66717-7 (eBook). URL: [in English].

Simakova-Yefremian, E. B. (2016) Kompleksni sudovo-ekspertni doslidzhennya: teoriya ta praktyka (Eng. Multidisciplinary forensic researches: theory and practice): monohrafiya. Kharkiv : Pravo, 2016. 456 p. [in Ukrainian].

What do aircraft accident investigators do and what makes them good at it? Developing a competency framework for investigators using grounded theory. URL: [in English].




How to Cite

Nechyporuk, M. ., Pavlikov, V. ., Ivanović, A. ., & Filipenko, N. . (2021). FORENSIC SCIENCE POSIBILITIES WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS WHILE AVIATION ACCIDENTS. Archives of Criminology and Forensic Sciences, 3, 56-64.