PUBLISHING ETHICS AND UNFAIR PRACTICE PREVENTION (COMPILED WITH THE USE OF PUBLISHING PRINCIPLES PUBLISHING ETHICS RESOURCE KIT (PERK) AND ACCORDING TO RECOMMENDATIONS ELSEVIER, THE BEST PRACTICAL METHODS КУОП (COPE) FOR JOURNAL EDITORS AND PUBLISHING ETHICS ACADEMY PUBLISHER)
The Editorial Board of Archives of Criminology and Forensic Sciences encourages authors to adhere to the proper level of formal and ethical requirements for preparation and publication of scientific articles submitted to the editorial board of the Journal. These regulations are determined by quality standards for scientific papers and their presentation adopted by world scientific community, in particular, by publishing principles of the Publishing Ethics Resource Kit (PERK), recommendations of Elsevier, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Code of ethics for a scientist in Ukraine, as well as by experience of foreign and Ukrainian professional communities, scientific institutions, editorial boards and editorial offices. The provided below standards provide significant assistance in preparation of scientific publications for experienced scientists, teachers, postgraduate students, university students, law enforcement officers, judges, forensic scientists and other practitioners.
It is very important to harmonize ethical standards for all parties involved in publication procedure of the Journal: Publication author/co-authors, members of the Editorial Board, reviewer, publisher, readers of the Journal and other users of information outlined in the Journal.
The Co-authors of the editorial board of the Journal Archives of Criminology and Forensic Sciences and editorial board members are responsible for supervision at all stages of scientific publication. At the same time, the Editorial Board is aware of full ethical and other responsibility for quality and academic novelty of publications and aims to assist in establishing cooperation with other Journals/Scientific paper collections and/or Publishing Houses.
Ethical duties of authors
- Publication authors/co-authors should perform researches not only according to the current legislation but also in accordance with ethical norms of scientific activity. Author of original research should present an accurate report on the performed work as well as an objective discussion of its significance. A scientific paper should contain sufficient information and references to the source document allowing others to use the heritage of this scientific work.
- The authors/co-authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, for example «passing off» another’s article as the author’s own paper, copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without reference to original source and authorship indication), claiming results from research performed by other scientists. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. In the case of detecting plagiarism, the authors assume responsibility for the provided content. The authors' formulations of main theses and conclusions should be clear and unambiguous without received data forgery or improper manipulation.
- An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal of primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. An author should not submit for consideration in another journal a paper that has been published previously. Publication of some kinds of articles (e.g. clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. The authors and Members of the Editorial Board of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.
- While research activity, the scientific paper author is obligated to carry out a literary search, to find original publications on the subject of scientific research and to properly disclose the sources of content used in his work if these materials were not obtained by the author. Authors should refer to publications having significant impact on determining nature of the provided work. Information obtained privately by means of conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, should not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the original source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, should not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in these services. The author should quote publications in a proper way and clearly indicate the sources of all quoted or provided information and make bibliographic references to used sources according to established requirements. The author should make references to actual editions of normative acts taking into account their variability and placement on corresponding resources.
- Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made substantial contributions should be listed as co-authors. Co-authors of a publication should be all persons who have made a significant scientific contribution to the provided work and share responsibility for obtained results. Other contributions should be indicated in the notes or in the text as gratitude. Author submitting a manuscript for publication is responsible for including all persons meeting the authorship criterion in the list of collaborators. If an article is written by several authors, the author who provides contact information to the Editorial Board, documents and reports to the Editorial Board assumes responsibility for the approval by other authors for its publication in the Journal. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
- All authors should disclose in their manuscripts any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that can influence research results or their interpretation. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. Examples of possible conflicts of interest can include: employer information, informational consultation, stock ownership, fees, expert fees, honoraria, patent applications/registrations, as well as grants and other financing types. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest stage possible.
- When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the Editorial Board or Publisher learn from a third party that a published work contains significant errors, the author should provide the editorial staff with proof of source data correctness of the scientific article.
Editorial Board ethical standards
- The Editorial Board is responsible for quality of all materials published in the Scientific Journal. For this purpose, their selection, external and internal review of all materials submitted for publication are carried out. Co-chairmen can confer with other members of Editorial Board in making these decisions. The Editorial Board reserves the right to reject the articles if it considers that publication does not correspond to the Journal profile or the authors violated the formal legal or ethical norms listed below or to return it for modifying. In this case, the author is obliged to finalize the article according to Editorial Board remarks.
- The Editorial Board should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content regardless race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The Editorial Board decisions do not depend on commercial or other interests and are based on ensuring honest review.
- The Editorial Board has no right to disclose information about provided works to anyone other than the author, reviewer, and other editorial advisers.
Members of the Editorial Board should not provide third parties with any information about the content of the manuscript under consideration (except those who participate in the professional evaluation of the manuscript) except for announcement of publications. If Editorial Board members receive convincing evidence that main content or conclusions of the work previously published in the Scientific Journal are false, the Editorial Board is obliged to publish the relevant notification indicating falseness of the content or conclusions and correct mistakes, if the work has not yet been published.
- Members of the editorial board may decide to involve one or more reviewers whose participation is disputed by the authors, if the views of these reviewers are important for the impartial consideration of the manuscript. Such a decision may be made, for example, when there are serious inconsistencies between the manuscript submitted for publication and the previous work of a potential reviewer.
- Unpublished materials used in a provided scientific work, cannot be used in own researches by Editorial Board members. Information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used by the Editorial Board for personal advantage. Co-chairmen of the Editorial Board should declare recusal (entrust another member of the Editorial Board to consider the manuscript instead) to consider the manuscript regarding that he has a conflict of interest as a result of competitive relations, cooperation or other relations and relationships with one of the authors, companies or (possibly) institutions related to the provided manuscripts. Co-chairmen should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publications if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate actions should be taken such as disproof or expression of apologies.
- When submitting an ethical complaint regarding a provided manuscript or a published scientific article, Co-chairmen of the Editorial Board should take reasonable, appropriate measures. Such measures usually include contact with author of the manuscript/scientific article and due consideration of the respective complaint or claim. If the need arises, it may be necessary to contact relevant institutions or research organizations. If the complaint is supported, it is necessary to publish appropriate corrections, rebuttal or apologies. Any notice of the fact of unethical behavior should be considered.
Ethical duties of reviewers
- Peer review is an essential component of formal scientific communication and is the basis for scientific method. The Editorial Board shares the common view that all scholars who wish to contribute to the concerned publication are required to fulfill their review responsibilities in a qualitative way. All members of the Editorial Board perform an internal review of a scientific article. External review is carried out by leading specialists and scientists in the field of Forensic Science and Criminalistics of Ukraine and other countries.
- All members of the editorial board carry out internal review of the scientific article.
- If the Editorial Board is not convinced of publishing possibility of the submitted scientific article, it reserves the right to appoint an independent reviewer. Reviewer should objectively evaluate scientific article quality, theoretical and practical significance of the work, scientific nature of the presentation and conclusions, compliance of the manuscript with relevant standards. Reviewer should respect intellectual independence of authors and treat the manuscript sent for reviewing as a confidential document.
- Reviewers should not use or disclose unpublished information, arguments, or interpretations contained in this scientific article without author’s approval. Reviewer should not evaluate the manuscript with the author or co-author of which he has personal or professional relationships, if such relationships can affect opinion about the manuscript.
- Reviewers should adequately explain and argue their opinions so that authors and editors could understand what their comments are based on. Any allegation that observation, conclusion or argument has already been published has to be accompanied by an appropriate reference.
- Reviewer should indicate any cases of insufficient citation by authors of other scholars who are directly related to the reviewed work; he should draw editor attention to any significant similarity between the submitted manuscript and any published article.
Ethical responsibilities of readers and other users of information published in the scientific journal
- According to international copyright law, the content of Scientific Journal site cannot be reproduced in whole or in part in any form (electronic or printed) without the prior written consent of authors (or in the case of their death without an Editorial Board permission). While using published material in the context of other documents, a reference to the publication source is required. Distribution on electronic network of any articles from the Journal or extracts from is allowed but while such distribution the reference to the primary source is obligatory. Publishing and/or distribution content of the Journal by third parties or institutions on paper and solid electronic media is prohibited.
- Claims concerning illegal publications without author permissions (or in case of their death without permission of the Scientific Journal Editorial Board) can be advanced by each author or Hon. Prof. M.S. Bokarius Kharkiv Research Institute of Forensic Examinations.
- Site users, Scientific Journal readers, authors could send their comments, questions regarding publications, etc., by mail to the editorial board observing generally accepted ethical standards. Hon. Prof. M.S. Bokarius Kharkiv Research Institute of Forensic Examinations. should ensure processing and publication of such content and facilitate the relevant information presentation for authors of these publications.